How to Create Customer Custom Attribute in Magento 2

How to Create Customer Custom Attribute in Magento 2

Magento (Now Adobe Commerce) is an e-commerce platform built on open-source technology that provides online merchants with a flexible shopping cart system, as well as control over the look, content, and functionality of their online store. It provides easy ability to set up additional websites using a subset of the catalog and the variation of the design.

Customer Custom Attribute in Magento 2

Creating custom attributes for customers in Magento 2 allows you to gather more information from your customers, which can be utilized for personalized marketing, improved customer service, and enhanced order processing. Custom attributes can be added to customer accounts, the registration form, and the customer’s address information. Here’s how to create customer custom attribute in Magento 2 through both the admin interface and programmatically.

Method 1: Using the Admin Interface

As of my last update in April 2023, Magento 2 does not provide a direct way to add custom customer attributes via the admin dashboard, unlike product attributes. For custom customer attributes, you usually would need to use a third-party extension or add them programmatically. Some extensions are available in the Magento Marketplace that allows you to manage customer attributes without writing any code. If you decide to use an extension, follow the specific instructions provided by the extension developer for adding new customer attributes.

Method 2: Adding Custom Attributes Programmatically in Magento 2

To add a custom customer attribute programmatically in Magento 2, you’ll need to create a custom module in Magento 2. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

Step 1: Create a Module

  1. Create the Module Folder: Create a new folder for your module in app/code. The path should be app/code/<Vendor>/<ModuleName>. Replace <Vendor> and <ModuleName> with your vendor and module name.
  2. Declare the Module: Create a file named registration.php in your module directory (app/code/<Vendor>/<ModuleName>) and add the following code:

<?php \Magento\Framework\Component\ComponentRegistrar::register( \Magento\Framework\Component\ComponentRegistrar::MODULE, ‘<Vendor>_<ModuleName>’, __DIR__ );

  1. Create the module.xml File: In the etc directory of your module (app/code/<Vendor>/<ModuleName>/etc), create a file named module.xml and add the following code to declare your module and its dependencies:

<?xml version=”1.0″?> <config xmlns:xsi=”http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance” xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation=”urn:magento:framework:Module/etc/module.xsd”> <module name=”<Vendor>_<ModuleName>” setup_version=”1.0.0″> <sequence> <module name=”Magento_Customer”/> </sequence> </module> </config>

Step 2: Add a Custom Attribute in Magento

  1. Setup Script: Create a Setup directory in your module (app/code/<Vendor>/<ModuleName>/Setup). Inside this directory, create a PHP file named InstallData.php.
  2. Implement InstallData.php: Add the following code to InstallData.php to add a custom attribute. Adjust the attribute properties as needed:

<?php namespace <Vendor>\<ModuleName>\Setup; use Magento\Eav\Setup\EavSetup; use Magento\Eav\Setup\EavSetupFactory; use Magento\Framework\Setup\InstallDataInterface; use Magento\Framework\Setup\ModuleContextInterface; use Magento\Framework\Setup\ModuleDataSetupInterface; class InstallData implements InstallDataInterface { private $eavSetupFactory; public function __construct(EavSetupFactory $eavSetupFactory) { $this->eavSetupFactory = $eavSetupFactory; } public function install(ModuleDataSetupInterface $setup, ModuleContextInterface $context) { $eavSetup = $this->eavSetupFactory->create([‘setup’ => $setup]); $eavSetup->addAttribute( \Magento\Customer\Model\Customer::ENTITY, ‘custom_attribute’, [ ‘type’ => ‘varchar’, ‘label’ => ‘Custom Attribute’, ‘input’ => ‘text’, ‘required’ => false, ‘visible’ => true, ‘user_defined’ => true, ‘position’ => 999, ‘system’ => 0, ] ); $attribute = $eavSetup->getEavConfig()->getAttribute(\Magento\Customer\Model\Customer::ENTITY, ‘custom_attribute’) ->addData([‘used_in_forms’ => [ ‘adminhtml_customer’, ‘customer_account_create’, ‘customer_account_edit’, ]]); $attribute->save(); } }

Step 3: Enable the Module

  1. Enable Your Module: Run the following commands from the Magento root directory to enable your module and update the database:

php bin/magento setup:upgrade php bin/magento setup:di:compile php bin/magento cache:flush

Conclusion

Adding custom customer attributes in Magento 2 allows for more personalized customer interactions and better data management.


4 Comments on "How to Create Customer Custom Attribute in Magento 2"

  1. Avatar
    tempemail.org
    April 17, 2024 Reply

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    te,pmail
    April 17, 2024 Reply

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    temb mail
    April 17, 2024 Reply

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  4. Avatar
    maillogs
    April 17, 2024 Reply

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4 Comments on "How to Create Customer Custom Attribute in Magento 2"

  1. Avatar
    tempemail.org
    April 17, 2024 Reply

    I was just as enthralled by your work as you were. The visual presentation is refined, and the written content is sophisticated. However, you seem anxious about the possibility of presenting something that could be perceived as questionable. I believe you'll be able to rectify this matter in a timely manner.

  2. Avatar
    te,pmail
    April 17, 2024 Reply

    The level of my admiration for your work mirrors your own sentiment. The sketch is elegant, and the authored material is stylish. Nevertheless, you appear concerned about the prospect of embarking on something that may be seen as dubious. I agree that you'll be able to address this issue promptly.

  3. Avatar
    temb mail
    April 17, 2024 Reply

    Your work has captivated me just as much as it has captivated you. The visual display is elegant, and the written content is impressive. Nevertheless, you seem concerned about the possibility of delivering something that may be viewed as dubious. I agree that you'll be able to address this issue promptly.

  4. Avatar
    maillogs
    April 17, 2024 Reply

    The enthusiasm I have for your work matches your own. Your visual presentation is refined, and the content you've authored is of a high caliber. Nevertheless, you appear to be uneasy about the possibility of delivering something that may cause unease. I agree that you'll be able to address this concern promptly.


Would you like to share your thoughts?

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